Q & A
1. Is all information really confidential?
Yes, the CCAC deems confidentiality to be the order of the day. From the time when new staff is trained, confidentiality is emphasized as the most important principle. All staff are required to have ethical excellence, to pass a moral test and to provide a guarantor of virtue. Besides strict moral standards, work procedures and facilities are also well coordinated to ensure confidentiality. For example, report of case will be carried out in a private and soundproof chamber without windows. The CCAC is the first law enforcement department to have a comprehensive bilingual system, where no translation is needed for either Chinese or Portuguese corruption reports to be handed to the Commissioner. Moreover, independent investigation is exercised. Therefore, questioning and interference into cases not directly assigned to a particular investigator or agent will strictly be forbidden. Every case is exposed only to the appointed few staff, and if the investigators find that the case involves their relatives or friends, the situation must be immediately reported to their superior and they must leave hold of the case.
2. Would an anonymous report be investigated?
The CCAC investigates every corruption report. As long as sufficient details are provided, it does not matter if the report is anonymous or not. However, the CCAC encourages complainants to come forth and report in person so that the investigators can act promptly and more effectively. Let alone that the CCAC uses every legal and probable means to protect the informant, if the informant is determined to remain anonymous, the CCAC will not record his/her identity.
3. Is there any witness protection program? Is there anyone who has ever asked for protection?
There is no witness protection system for the mean time. However, there have been requests for protection from certain informants or witnesses. In those cases, not only the informants or witnesses were well protected, but also the suspects successfully penalized. In order to improve this aspect, the new Organizational Law of the CCAC has vested it with power to strengthen the facilities that protect and ensure the safety of the informants.
4. Will the CCAC take initiative action?
Of course! ˇ§To initiate investigation for pivotal demolitionˇ¨ is already written in our policy objective this year.
5. Will any report be destroyed privately?
This is definitely impossible. The CCAC has a very strict control on the procedures of installing a case in file for investigation and prosecution. The Commissioner and the Assistant Commissioners study and analyze every corruption report content. Then, they will decide if they should open a new file for the report, to file it with some other cases, or to transfer the case to other departments. In other words, all corruption reports will be thoroughly studied.
6. Should I report suspected corruption to the CCAC if I do not have any evidence?
Investigation and collection of evidence are the responsibilities and the mission of the CCAC. Therefore, it is encouraged to report any matter which is genuinely believed to involve corruption even if there is no direct evidence. Investigation will be facilitated once there is a report and the CCAC welcomes any information that may be related to corruption.
7. How can the CCAC ensure that people cannot frame innocent people by making false corruption complaints?
Although anonymous reports are accepted and processed, the CCAC handles these reports with special care so that no false accusations can be made. People who maliciously make false corruption reports are liable to prosecution because it is an offence under Criminal Code no. 329 (artigo 329˘X do Codigo Penal) to knowingly give false information or make a false accusation to the CCAC. Any person convicted of such an offence shall be liable to an imprisonment of one to three years.